Active Directory (AD) is a directory service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks. It is included in most Windows Server operating systems as a set of processes and services. Initially, Active Directory was only in charge of centralized domain management.
A server running Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) is named a website controller. It authenticates and authorizes all users and computers in a very Windows domain sort network—assigning and implementing security policies for all computers and putting in or change package. For instance, once a user logs into a laptop that’s a part of a Windows domain, Active Directory checks the submitted countersign and determines whether or not the user may be a supervisor or traditional user. Also, it permits management and storage of data, provides authentication and authorization mechanisms and establishes a framework to deploy alternative connected services: Certificate Services, federate Services, light-weight Directory Services, and Rights Management Services.
Active Directory Domain Services Diagram
Benefits of Active Directory
- Enables users to sign in using usernames and passwords that are used elsewhere.
- Creating and maintaining user accounts is no longer needed.
- Computer policies can be created to automatically update and secure workstations.
- Sharing resources such as files and printers is easier all users have access to set permissions. No longer need to provide a username and password for Outlook emails.
- It is more secure than other directory services (Logon Authentication).
- It is easy to manage, administrate and control.
- Increased scalability.
- The speed of which it is able to provide domain names.
- Simple identity management as you can view all user information. Lets you manage your network from one point.
- It is also easy to set up and use.
- Easy to monitor Login/Logout Time, Resources Usage & share files.